• 從中國特色到走向世界:一代的有源定位變為二代的無源定位

    時事 > | Time Weekly - 2014-06-05 02:27:23 來源:時代周報
  • [摘要] 為了更易推廣,北斗衛星導航系統不再顯得那么“獨特”,采用主流的無源定位技術的北斗二代,與其他衛星導航系統之間的兼容與互操作,將成為發展方向。

    本報記者 陳舒揚 發自北京

    JIEZHIMUQIAN,BEIDOUDAOHANGXITONGGONGFASHELE16KEWEIXING,GENJUJIHUA,DAO2020NIANZUOYOU,ZHONGGUOJIANGYAOFASHE30YUKEBEIDOUDAOHANGWEIXING,JIANCHENGFUGAIQUANQIUDEBEIDOUWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONG。

    BEIDOUDAOHANGXITONGJIANSHEDE“SANBUZOU”SHI:2000NIANJIANCHENGLEWEIXINGDAOHANGSHIYANXITONG,JI“BEIDOUYIDAI”;2012NIANDI,“ERDAI”XITONGFUGAILEYATAIDIQU;GENJUGUIHUA,DISANBUSHIZAI2020NIANZUOYOU,CHENGWEIFUGAIQUANQIUDE、XINGNENGGENGHAODEGUOCHANDAOHANGXITONG。

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    “一個終端走遍天下”

    四肖期期中准天天中码LIUSHAOCHUANGSHIZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANYAOGANYUSHUZIDIQIUYANJIUSUODEYANJIUYUAN,2012NIANKAISHICANYUXINJIANGLUOBUBODIQUYESHENGLUOTUODEJIANCEYUBAOHU。TADEGONGZUONEIRONGZHIYIBIANSHILIYONGWEIXINGGENZONGDINGWEIJISHU,JIANCEYELUOTUODEYUNDONGGUIJI。

    四肖期期中准天天中码ZAIDUIBINWEIYESHENGDONGWUDEYANJIUYUBAOHUZHONG,SHIYONGWEIXINGGENZONGXITONGYIJIAOWEICHANGJIAN。TONGGUOWEIXINGGENZONGXITONG,KEYANGONGZUOZHEKEYILEJIEYESHENGDONGWUDEQIANYILUJING、SHENGHUOXIXING,LEJIETAMENMIANLINDEWEIXIE,CONGERZHIDINGZHENDUIXINGDEBAOHUCUOSHI。

    ZHEYESHIBEIDOUDAOHANGXITONGDEYINGYONGLINGYUZHIYI,MEITICENGJINGBAODAO,ZAIDUIZANGLINGYANGDEYANJIUHEBAOHUZHONG,JIUSHIYONGLEBEIDOUWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONG。

    四肖期期中准天天中码XIANGDUIYUYIBANDESHOUJIHUOCHEZAIDAOHANG,ZAIGENZONGJIANCEYINGYONGFANGMIAN,CHULEDINGWEI,HUANXUYAOTONGXINGONGNENG。“BEIDOUYIDAIBENSHENSHIYOUTONGXUNGONGNENGDE。”LIUSHAOCHUANGCENGJINGKAOLVGUOSHIYONGBEIDOUYIDAILAIGENZONGYELUOTUO。

    CONGTONGXUNGONGNENGZHEYIDIANLAIJIANG,BEIDOUYIDAIDUJUYOUSHI,QIYINGYONGSHISHANGZUIBEICHENGDAODESHIJIANSHI:WENCHUANDIZHENFASHENGYIHOUDEJITIANNEI,BEIDOUYIDAIXITONGSHIZAIQUHEWAIJIELIANXIDEWEIYITUJING。

    四肖期期中准天天中码ZHESHIYUANYUBEIDOUYIDAIXITONGDESHUANGXIANGTONGXINSHEJI。SUOWEISHUANGXIANGTONGXIN,SHIZHIYONGHUYUYONGHU、YONGHUYUZHONGXINKONGZHIXITONGJIANKESHIXIANSHUANGXIANGJIANDUANSHUZIBAOWENTONGXIN;ERGPSZHIKEJINXINGDANXIANGTONGXIN,JIJIESHOUQIZHINENGBEIDONGJIESHOUWEIXINGFALAIDEXINHAO,BUNENGZHUDONGFACHUXINHAO。

    JULEJIE,ZHISUOYIYOUZHEYANGDECHAYI,SHIYINWEIBEIDOUYIDAIHEGPSDENGQITADEWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONGZAIDINGWEIYUANLISHANGDEBUTONG。BEIDOUYIDAICAIYONGYOUYUANDINGWEIJISHU,ERGPSCAIYONGDESHIWUYUANDINGWEIJISHU。JIANDANDISHUO,YOUYUANDINGWEIJIZHONGDUANXUFASHEXINHAOCAINENGDINGWEI,WUYUANDINGWEIJIZHONGDUANBUFAXINHAOJINKAOJIESHOUXINHAOJIUNENGDINGWEI。

    “YOUYUANDINGWEIHEDUANBAOWENTESEFUWU”CENGBEIBEIDOUWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONGDEXINWENFAYANRENRANCHENGQICHENGWEIBEIDOUXITONGDE“ZUIDATESE”。YONGRANCHENGQIDEHUASHUO,“QITAWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONGZHISHIGAOSUNISHENMESHIJIAN、ZAISHENMEDIFANG,ERBEIDOUWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONGCHULERANGNIZIJIZHIDAOZAISHENMESHIJIAN、SHENMEDIFANGZHIWAI,HUANKEYIJIANGNIDEWEIZHIXINXIFASONGCHUQU,SHINIXIANGGAOZHIDEQITARENHUOZHINIDEQINGKUANG,JIEJUELEHEREN、HESHI、HEDIDEWENTI。”YEJIUSHISHUO,“KAOBEIDOUYIGEZHONGDUANJIUKEYIZOUBIANTIANXIA。”

    “YESHENGDONGWUGENZONG、QIXIANG、SHUIWENGUANCEDOUXUYAOYONGDAOTONGXUNGONGNENG,BEIDOUJIUKEYIZAIZHEXIELINGYUFAHUISHUJUSHOUJIDEZUOYONG。”LIUSHAOCHUANGGAOSUSHIDAIZHOUBAOJIZHE,BEIDOUYIDAIZAIQIXIANG、SHUIWENJIANCESHANGYIYOUJIAOGUANGFANDEYINGYONG。

    四肖期期中准天天中码DANSHIBEIDOUDEGONGZUOYUANLIYEWEITADETUIGUANGDAILAILEWENTI,YOUYUSHEBEIBIXUBAOHANFASHEJI,CONGERZAITIJI、ZHONGLIANG、JIAGEHEGONGHAOFANGMIAN,BEIDOUCHUYUBULIDIWEI。

    四肖期期中准天天中码YEZHENGSHIYINWEIBEIDOUYIDAI“GEDA、HAODIANLIANGTAIDA”,LIUSHAOCHUANGZUIZHONGXUANZEGEIYESHENGLUOTUODAIDEGENZONGQI,SHIYOUGPSDINGWEIMOKUAIJIASHANGWEIXINGTONGXINMOKUAIZUCHENGDE。TABIAOSHI,ZHISHAOMUQIAN,ZIJIHUANMEIYOUZHAODAOGENGHESHIDEJIYUBEIDOUWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONGDEGENZONGQICHANPIN。

    無源定位的“二代”

    四肖期期中准天天中码“BEIDOUYIDAI”DEZHENGSHIMINGCHENGSHI“BEIDOUWEIXINGDAOHANGSHIYANXITONG”。1994NIAN,ZHONGGUOZHENGSHIKAISHIZHEYIXITONGDEYANZHI,BINGZAI2000NIANFASHELELIANGKEJINGZHIGUIDAOWEIXING,SHIXIANLEQUYUXINGDEDAOHANGGONGNENG。BEIDOUYIDAIKESHIXIANDEGONGNENGBAOKUOQUYULIANXUDEDAOHANGDINGWEI、JIANDUANSHUZIBAOWENTONGXINHESHOUSHI。

    JULEJIE,CHULESHANGWENTIDAODERUODIANZHIWAI,BEIDOUYIDAIDESHUANGXIANGTONGXINHUANDAILAILEYONGHURONGLIANGYOUXIAN、DINGWEIJINGDUBUZU、SHISHIXINGJIAOCHADENGWENTI,YOUYUANDINGWEIJISHUYESHIDEYONGHUZAIDINGWEIDETONGSHIWUFABAOCHIWUXIANDIANJINGMO,BULIYUJUNSHIYINGYONG。

    “DANSHIYUQITAWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONGXIANGBI,GAIXITONGDETOUZIYAOSHAODEDUO,ERQIETAHUANJUYOUQITAXITONGSUOBUJUBEIDEWEIZHIBAOGAOHETONGXINGONGNENG。YINCI,KEYISHUOBEIDOUWEIXINGDAOHANGSHIYANXITONGSHIYIGEXINGNENGJIAGEBIJIAOGAODE、JUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONG。”BEIDOUGUANFANGWANGZHANZAIJIESHAOBEIDOUYIDAISHIRUSHISHUO。

    四肖期期中准天天中码“YOUYUANDINGWEIDUIJIESHOUQIDEGONGHAO、XINGNENGYAOQIUXIANGDUIYAOGAO。”WUHANDAXUEWEIXINGDAOHANGDINGWEIJISHUYANJIUZHONGXINZHURENSHICHUANGDUISHIDAIZHOUBAOJIZHEBIAOSHI,CONGTUIGUANGSHANGLAIJIANG,WUYUANDINGWEIGENGYOUYOUSHI。

    四肖期期中准天天中码2008NIAN,XINYIDAIWEIXINGDAOHANGXITONGJIBEIDOUERDAIZHENGSHILIXIANGJIANSHE,ZHEYICICAIYONGDESHIYUGPSDENGXITONGLEISIDEWUYUANDINGWEIXITONG:JIESHOUJIBEIDONGJIESHOUDAOSHIWEIXINGGUANGBODEDAOHANGXINHAO,YOUJIESHOUZHONGDUANLAIJISUANWEIZHI。

    四肖期期中准天天中码“BEIDOUERDAIBAOLIULEYIDAIDETONGXUNGONGNENG,DINGWEIDESHIHOUCAIYONGWUYUAN,TONGXINDESHIHOUCAIYONGYOUYUAN。”SHICHUANGGAOSUSHIDAIZHOUBAOJIZHE,BEIDOUERDAIDESHEJIBINGMEIYOUFANGQIYIDAIDETESE。

    GENJUGUANFANGJIESHAO,BEIDOUERDAITIGONGDEFUWUBAOKUOKAIFANGFUWUHESHOUQUANFUWU。KAIFANGFUWUSHIXIANGQUANQIUMIANFEITIGONGDINGWEI、CESUHESHOUSHIFUWU;SHOUQUANFUWUSHI“WEIYOUGAOJINGDU、GAOKEKAOWEIXINGDAOHANGXUQIUDEYONGHU,TIGONGDINGWEI、CESU、SHOUSHIHETONGXINFUWUYIJIXITONGWANHAOXINGXINXI”。2011NIANDI,BEIDOUERDAIKAISHISHIYUNXING,XIANGZHONGGUOJIZHOUBIANDIQUTIGONGFUWU;2012NIANDI,BEIDOUXITONGKAISHIXIANGYATAIDABUFENDIQUZHENGSHITIGONGFUWU。

    SHICHUANGBIAOSHI,BEIDOUERDAIDETONGXINFUWUDUIJUNYONGMINYONGDOUKAIFANG,“QUJUEYUYINGYONG,RUGUOXUYAOTONGXUNGONGNENG,MINYONGYIYANGKEYIXUANZE,ZHISHIYIBANSHOUJI、CHEZAIDAOHANGDOUBUXUYAOTONGXUNGONGNENG。MUQIANZUIDADEYONGHUZAIYUYE,CIWAIHUANYOUJIANCE、GUANLI、GENZONGDENGYOUTESHUXUQIUDELINGYU。”

    ZAILIUSHAOCHUANGKANLAI,JIYUGPSDEGENZONGXITONGXINGNENGXIANGDUIBIJIAOCHENGSHU,BUGUOYOUYUGUOJIADEZHICHI,JIANGLAIBEIDOUXITONGZAIGUONEI,DINGWEIJINGDUDENGFANGMIANHENYOUKENENGHUICHAOGUOGPS。

    四肖期期中准天天中码“ZAIQUYUDINGWEISHANG,BEIDOUERDAIHEGPSMEIYOUCHABIE,DIMIANJIZHANZENGQIANGHOU,DINGWEIJINGDUHUIGENGGAO。”SHICHUANGJIESHAO。“BEIDOUDIJIZENGQIANGXITONG”YEKECHENGWEI“BEIDOUJINGMIDINGWEIFUWUXITONG”,SHIBEIDOUXITONGJIANSHEDEZUCHENGBUFEN,TONGSUDIJIANG,SHIZAIDIMIANJIANLIZHANDIAN,LIYONGDIMIANDE“WANGLUO”LAIZENGQIANGTIANSHANG“WANGLUO”DEDINGWEIDAOHANGJINGDU,ZHEYIWANGLUOZHENGZAIJIANSHEZHIZHONG。

    最大的差距無疑是在市場應用上。北斗官方多有表示,北斗系統一直致力于和GPS等國外導航系統的兼容并用。據了解,2010年,在國際電信聯盟的協調之下,GPS與北斗系統實現兼容;而為了推廣的順利,北斗和GPS系統的組合使用將成為市場的方向。




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  • SHANGRENHOU,LIQIANGLIZHUAXINGZHENGSHENPIZHIDUGAIGE,XIWANGTONGGUOZHIDINGQUANLIQINGDAN,JIEJUEZHENGFUGUANDEGUODUODEWENTI。SHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUIJUEDINGTUIXINGDIFANGZHENGFUJIBUMENQUANLIQINGDANZHIDU,RANGZHEJIANGDEZHEXIANGGONGZUOZHENGSHITISHANGRICHENG。

    QUANGUOSHUINIWANGSHUJUXIANSHI,11YUECHUQUANGUOSHUINIJIAGEZHISHUWEI153.46,YUEMOWEI163.91,HUANBIDAZHANG7.12%。JIEZHI12YUE6RI,QUANGUOSHUINIJIAGEZHISHUYIJINGSHANGZHANGZHI165.67。

    JIEZHIFAGAO,GUOJIAGUANWANGGONGSIDEZHUCEXINXIBINGWEIDUIWAIFABU。YEJIEPUBIANYUJI,GUOJIAGUANWANGGONGSIGUZHIYUJIZAI3000YI―5000YIYUANZHIJIAN。

    四肖期期中准天天中码 JIEZHI12YUE9RI,SIJIDUYIYOUBAIYUCHENGDUIFANGDICHANSHICHANGJINXINGLE154CIZHENGCEDIAOZHENG。QIZHONG,ZHENGCEZHIZHILOUSHIQIEZUIWEIYINRENZHUMUDEGONG13DI,BAOKUOSHENZHEN、FOSHAN、ZHENGZHOU、CHENGDOU、HEILONGJIANG、MAANSHAN、SHANGHAILINGANG、NANJINGDENG。

    四肖期期中准天天中码 TILIANGJUDA、WENTIYEBUSHAO,JIAOTONGYONGJI、QUEFAPEITAOCONGLAIDOUSHICHAOJIDAPANDETONGBING。DANZHEXIEWEIYUCHENGJIAODEQIANYIYUANXIAOQU,QUECHENGLEHUAICHUAIMENGXIANGTAJINDACHENGSHIDEXINYIMINZHIYESHOUXUANDI,SHUBAIWANQINGNIANDEMENGXIANGYECONGZHELIKAIHUAJIEGUO。

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