• 韓少功:我對那個時代既有懷念也有懷疑

    生活 > | Time Weekly - 2019-08-20 03:22:23 來源:時代周報
  • 時代周報記者 謝洋 發自廣州

    四肖期期中准天天中码ZUOWEI2019NANGUOSHUXIANGJIEJIYANGCHENGSHUZHANDEZHONGYAOHUODONGZHIYI,8YUE19RIWAN,“《HUACHENG》CHUANGKANSISHIZHOUNIANQINGDIANJIDIQIJIEHUACHENGWENXUEJIANGBANJIANGDIANLI”WANHUIXIANCHANGGONGBULEDIQIJIE“HUACHENGWENXUEJIANG”DEPINGXUANJIEGUO。

    ZUIZHONG,HANSHAOGONGYI《XIUGAIGUOCHENG》(《HUACHENG》2018NIANDI6QI)HUO“DIQIJIEHUACHENGWENXUEJIANG”CHANGPIANXIAOSHUOJIANG,TONGHUOCIJIANGDEHUANYOUWANGANYIDE《KAOGONGJI》(《HUACHENG》2018NIANDI5QI)、LIULIANGCHENGDE《SHAOHUA》(《HUACHENG》2018NIANDI4QI)、LIPEIFUDE《PINGYUANKE》(《HUACHENG》2017NIANDI3QI)。

    2018NIANNIANDI,HANSHAOGONGXINZUO《XIUGAIGUOCHENG》YOUHUACHENGCHUBANSHECHUBAN。ZHEYICI,HANSHAOGONGHUIWANG,JIANGSHIXIANTOUXIANGLEYIQUNZHISHIQINGNIAN—1977JIDAXUESHENG。

    1977NIAN,ZHONGDUANLE10YUNIANDEGAOKAOZHONGYUHUIFU,QUANGUOGONGYOU570WANRENBENFUKAOCHANG。CINIANCHUNJIHEQIUJI,XIANHOULIANGBORENYUANLEDAXUEMENG,KAISHILEYUMINGYUNDEBUDUANJIAOLI。

    HANSHAOGONGZIJIJIUSHENZAIQIZHONG。ZUOWEI“1977JI”DEDAIBIAOZUOJIAZHIYI,DUONIANLAI,TADECHUANGZUOZAIBAOCHIXIANGWAITANSUOHESHENGCHANGKENENGXINGDETONGSHI,YEBUDUANXIANGNEIDAKAIGUANYUNEIDUANSUIYUEDEJIYIZHIMEN。《MAQIAOCIDIAN》JIUSHOULULEYIGEXUGOUDEHUNANCUNZHUANGMAQIAOZHENDE115GECITIAO,JIEMILEBEIZHEBIDEXIANGCUNBAITAI;《RIYESHU》ZHANXIANLEZHIQINGMENZAIDAHUANJINGXIADEKANGZHENGYUMIMANG,TONGGUODUIDANGSHIGONGREN、NONGMIN、GUANYUANDENGJIAOSEDEMIAOXIEZHESHECHUSHIDAIDEBIANQIAN。

    CICI《XIUGAIGUOCHENG》,ZEYIZHURENGONGXIAOPENGJIANGJIGETONGXUEDESHENGPINGJINGLIGAIBIANCHENGWANGLUOXIAOSHUOZUOWEIKAIDUAN,ZHUBUZHANXIANCHU“77JI”YIDAIDERENWUQUNXIANG,BIAOXIANLETAMENZAIYUMINGYUNDEBOYIZHONG,LIXIANGYUJIYUBUDUANBEI“XIUGAI”DEGUSHI。

    四肖期期中准天天中码ZAIHANSHAOGONGKANLAI,20SHIJI80NIANDAIYILAISHIYIGEJIQINGBENFANGDESHIDAI,GUOMENDAKAI、SIXIANGJIEFANG,DANYESHIYUWANGBEIJIEFANGDESHIHOU,CUNZAIZHUGEZHONGGEYANGDERENSHENGXUANZE。“TAMENDEHENDUOSHENGHUOXIJIEZHONGYAOERWEIMIAO,GOUCHENGLELISHIDEJUTIWENLI。HUIGUZHE40NIANSHI,WENXUEJIAKENENGGENGYINGGAIKANDAOTAIMIANXIADEREN,KANDAORENXINGDEMISHI,RENMENZUIRONGYIWANGJIHUOYANGAIDEDONGXI。”

    WEILEXIEZUO《XIUGAIGUOCHENG》,HANSHAOGONGSHUOZIJIYUNNIANGLE20NIAN,ZUICHUXIELE8WANZI,ZHIHOUYOUBEIZIJIFEIQIDIAOLE。DUIYUGEZHONGYUANYOU,TACENGJINGBUZHIYICITIDAO,DUIYU20SHIJI80NIANDAI,“XUYAOZHONGXINSHENKAN,ERLAKAILESHIJIANJULI,YONGQIANHOUSHIDEDUIBICAICHANSHENGLEGENGDUOXINDEJIAODUHEJIAODIAN”。

    四肖期期中准天天中码(Q:SHIDAIZHOUBAO? A:HANSHAOGONG)

    行將謝幕的一代

    Q:“1977JI”SHIZHONGGUODANGDAILISHIZHONG,YIGEJUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEFUHAO。ZHENGRUZHURENGONGXIAOPENGDEZIWOZHENGJIUYUANYUSHENGHUOZHONGSHENXINSHUAITUIDEFANSI,ZHEQUNZHISHIFENZIJITUOZHUSHIDAIDEHOUWANG,YINGGAIRUHEMIAOHUIZHEQUNREN?

    A:WOSHUOGUO,DUINEIGESHIDAIJIYOUHUAINIANYEYOUHUAIYI。WOZAIWEI“1977JI”BIANHU,TONGSHIYEDUI“1977JI”ZHIYI。ZHEXIERENSHI“GEMING”SHIQIHE“SHICHANG”SHIQIDEJIAOJIBUFEN,SHIZAJIAOPINZHONG,YINCIJIKENENGCHUXIANZAJIAOYOUSHI,YEKENENGCHUXIANZAJIAOTUIHUA,JUTIQINGKUANGYINRENERYI。ZAITAMENXINGJIANGXIEMUSHI,WODEGANKAIBUSHIYILIANGJUHUANENGSHUOQINGDE—DUIBUQI,RUGUOSHUODEQING,YEXUJIUBUXUYAOXIECHENGYIBENSHULE。

    Q:CONGXIAOSHUORENWUDEDUIHUALAIKAN,RENGRANDAIZHUJIUSHIDAIDEYUJINGCANLIU,LIRUGEZHONGDAIYOUZHENGZHISECAIDE“DACI”,NINRUHEKANDAIZHEZHONGWENHUAJIYINDUIDANGXIAHANYUYUJINGNAIZHIWENHUAFENWEIDEYINGXIANG?DUIYUHANYUXIEZUOSHIFOUGOUCHENGLEBUKEMOMIEDESHANGHAI?NIZAIXIEZUOZHONGSHIRUHECHULIZHEYIGUANXIDE?

    A: NEIGESHIDAIYOUHENDUOXUTOUBANAODE“DACI”,ZHENGRUYANXIATONGYANGYOUBUSHAOYUYANPAOMO,BIRUHENDUOSHOULOUGUANGGAOSHANGNEIXIEBUZHISUOYUNDEJIA、DA、KONG,KEKANCHENGXINYIDAIDEBIANZHONG。

    XIEZUOSHI,WEILEJILUMOUGESHIDAI,XUYAOBAOLIUHEZAIXIANYIXIEYUYANZHENGJU,DANZHEBINGBUDENGYUZHENGJUSHIFANBEN,SHIJIAOKESHU,RANGDAJIAGENZHUXUE。QIAQIAXIANGFAN,ZHANSHIZHEXIEZHENGJUSHIYUYANZIJINGGUOCHENGDEYIBUFEN,SHIWEILEZENGQIANGMIANYILI。

    DANGXIADEYUYANZHUANGKUANGQISHIWEIKELEGUAN。GEZHONGXINGSHIDEGUANSHUI、XIGAO、KUANGPEN、WULITOU、JIQIRENXIEGAO……HULIANWANGMENJIANDI,YUSHIQIANGDADEYUYANCHANNENGZHENGZAIDUIXIANSHI“SHENDUZAOJIA”,JIAJUYANYUSHIDEFENLI。ZUOZHEMENWULUNSHUOSHENME,RUHESHIZIJIDEYUYANGENGKEKAO,GENGDUOYIXIEZHENSHIXINGDEHANLIANG,QUESHIMIANLINTIAOZHAN。

    修改封面.jpg

    “有意味的形式”

    Q:《XIUGAIGUOCHENG》TIXIANLEXIAOPENGYUQICHUANGZAODEBIXIARENWULUYICHENCHANSHENGDEMAODUN,JIWENXUEZAIRENSHENGDEHOUTAISHANGYIHEZHONGCHENGDUBIAOXIANHUOXIUGAILERENWUDEZHENSHISHENGHUO,SHENGHUOYUWENXUEZESHIFANFUJIUCHAN,XINGCHENGYIZHONGWUXIANDEJINGXIANGYINGSHE,NEIZAIZHEGEWEIDUSHANG,YUYANSHIRUHEZHAOLIANGSHENGHUOHEGERENZHUTIDE?

    四肖期期中准天天中码A:YIBANSHUO,WENXUEBIAOXIANSHENGHUO,DANZHEZHONGBIAOXIANYEKENENGLAIZIBUZHENGCHANGDEGUOLVHENIUQU,SHENZHIFANGUOLAIWUDAOSHENGHUO,XUYAOZUOZHEHEDUZHEJINGJUE—ZHESHILINGYICENGDAOLI。

    四肖期期中准天天中码NISHUODE“WUXIANDEJINGXIANG”,SHIYIGEZHEXUEWENTI,CHABUDUOSHIHOUXIANDAIZHUYISICHAODEJIAODIAN。ZAIZHELI,RENMENCEZHUSHENZILIANGMIANYINGZHAN,JIYAOFANGZHIDUDUANLUN,YOUYAOFANGZHIXUWULUN,SIHUYOUDIANMAFAN。QISHI,BIANZHENGFAJIUSHIMAFANYIXIEDEFANGFA,BUXIANGSHAZINEIYANGJUEDESHIJIANYIQIEDOUHENJIANDAN。KONGZIQIANGDIAO“ZHI”,DANSHUO“ZHI”YESHI“ZHANG”,YOUSHIYEDESAOYISAO,YESHIZHEZHONGBUBIMAFANLIANGTOUSHUODETAIDU。

    Q:GEZHONGWENTIDEPIANDUANDOUZAI《XIUGAIGUOCHENG》ZHONGCHUXIAN,ERXIAOPENG、XIAOPENGXIAOSHUOYIJIZUOZHEDENGSHENGYINDUOZHONGZOU,YIDAIZHUYUANXUSHIDESECAI,NINXIWANGTONGGUOZHELEIWENBENSHIYANCHUANDICHUSHENMEYANGDEXIAOGUO?ZAIDANGDAIWENXUESHISHANG,NINBEIGUIYU“XUNGENZUOJIA”,DANNINDEXIEZUOQUESHIZHONGDAIZHUXIANFENGXING,NINRUHEKANDAIDANGQIANWENXUECHUANGZUOZHONGDESHIYAN?NINZANTONG“XINGSHIJIYIYI”MA?

    A : BA“XINGSHI”BIZUOPINGZI,BA“NEIRONG”BIZUOJIU,JUEDEJIUKEYIYONGBUTONGDEPINGZILAIZHUANG,SHICHANGJIANDEYIZHONGBIYU,QISHISHIDUIXINGSHIDEDIJILIJIE。

    GENGQIADANGDEBIYU,YINGGAISHIBA“XINGSHI”DANGZUOGUANG,BA“NEIRONG”DANGZUODENG,YUSHILIANGZHEMIBUKEFEN,XINGSHIYUNEIRONGHUYOUZHUANSHIXING,HUWEIDUIFANGBENSHEN,ZHISHAOSHIDUIFANGBENSHENDEYIBUFEN。YONGJINGJULAICHANGBEIDUOFEN,YONGXIANGSHENGLAIJIANG《HONGLOUMENG》,YONG“MENGLONGSHI”FABUWAIJIAOSHENGMING,YONG“TAOBAOTI”LAIFANYITANGSHISONGCI……KENDINGDOUBUSHIRENGANDESHI。WEISHENME?YINWEIWENXUESHIRANGRENLIJIEDE,GENGSHIRANGRENLAIGANJUEDE,YINCIZAIJIAOGAODEMEIXUECENGMIAN,WENTI、JIEGOU、YUYANFENGGEDENGDOUSHI“YOUYIWEIDEXINGSHI”,BENSHENDOUZAIWUSHENGDISHUOHUA。

    未來無法預告

    Q:NICENGZAICAIFANGZHONGTIDAO,《XIUGAIGUOCHENG》BUSHIHEKANZUOSHI《RIYESHU》DEYANXU,DANLIANGZHEDESHIJIANKUADUYICUNZAIZHONGDIEDEBUFEN,DUIYUNEIDUANSUIYUEDEWAJUE,SHIFOUHUIYOUHAOJINDEYITIAN?NINJIHUAWEILAIDEXIEZUOJIANGZHIXIANGHECHU?

    四肖期期中准天天中码A:WODEXIEZUOMEIYOUJIHUA,YINCIMEIFAYUGAO。XIEZUODEKANZHUANGTAI,KANJIYUAN,CHANGCHANGSHIKEYUERBUKEQIU。LAOHUASHUO“YUANJUZESHENG”,YOUSHIHOUYI、ER、SAN、SIYOULE,QUEYIGEWU,XIEBUCHENG;YOUSHIHOUER、SAN、SI、WUYOULE,QUEYIGEYI,YEXIEBUCHENG。TICAIZHISHIZHONGDUOYINSUZHONGDEYIGE。YOUXINTICAIGURANHAO,DANJIUTICAIYEKEYIBUDUANFANXIN,XIANZAIYIJINGSHI21SHIJILE,BUSHILIANTANGCHAO、MINGCHAO、QINGCHAODOUHUANYOURENWALAIWAQUMA?

    Q:JINLIANGNIANLAI,RENGONGZHINENGXIEZUOXINGQI,NINDUIZHEYILINGYUYIFABIAOGUOXIANGGUANKANFA,DANGQIANDISICIKEJIGEMINGLANGCHAOJIANXINGJIANJIN,WEILAIWENXUEJIANGZAISHIDAIZHONGCHUYUSHENMEYANGDEWEIZHI?

    A:NIBUFANGZHUYIYIXIABAOSHANG,OUMEIYOUGUANJIQIRENXIEXINWENDEZUIXINSHIJIAN。JIQIRENLIYONGDASHUJU,BUHUICHUXIANYUFA、LUOJI、ZHISHIDIANDENGFANGMIANDECUOWU,SHOULUOZILIAOHUANGENGKUAIHEGENGQUAN,DANRENGRANJINGCHANGXIEDEWENBUDUITI,HUANGQIANGZOUBAN,MOMINGQIMIAO,SHIYIPIANPIANYANJINDEHUSHUO,YOUJINGYANDEDUZHEYIKANJIUZHIDAO。

    WEISHENME?ZHUANJIAMENRENWEI,ZHESHIYINWEIJIQIRENMEIYOULINGHUN,MEIYOUJIAZHIGUAN,BINGBUZHENZHENG“DONG”XINWEN,KANLAIYIHOUHUANDEKAORENLAIYINDAOHEBAGUAN。ZHESHIYIGEHENYOUQIFAXINGDELIZI,KEYIBANGZHUWOMENXIANGXIANGYIHOUDEWENXUE,BAOKUORENJIJIEHEDEWENXUESHENGCHAN。

    WOMENYONGBAIDU,YONGDIANNAO“CHAZHONG”……QISHIYIJINGSHIRENGONGZHINENGDEJIERULE,ZHISHIYIHOUXINGONGJUHUIYUELAIYUEDUOERYI。BUGUOTAMENZUIZHONGHUANSHIYOURENLAIFAMINGHESHIYONGDE,SHIYOUJIAZHIFANGXIANGDE,BUSHIKAORUANJIANZIJIHULUANFANYAN。

JIDUIZAIAN、LIANRENMINBIDUIMEIYUANJIQIHUILVSHUANGSHUANGPO7ZUOCHUGUANFANGHUIYINGHOU,8YUE7RI,WANGLUOYOUXIAOXICHENG,YANGXINGJIANGZI2019NIAN8YUE10RIQIJIANGXI0.25GEBAIFENDIAN。DANGWAN,YANGXINGWEIXINGONGZHONGHAOPIYAO,CHENGCIWEIJIAXIAOXI。

SHANGRENHOU,LIQIANGLIZHUAXINGZHENGSHENPIZHIDUGAIGE,XIWANGTONGGUOZHIDINGQUANLIQINGDAN,JIEJUEZHENGFUGUANDEGUODUODEWENTI。SHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUIJUEDINGTUIXINGDIFANGZHENGFUJIBUMENQUANLIQINGDANZHIDU,RANGZHEJIANGDEZHEXIANGGONGZUOZHENGSHITISHANGRICHENG。

四肖期期中准天天中码 JINRI,YANGSHICAIJINGPINDAOPUGUANGLEYITIAO“XUANFUCHANYELIAN”,DIANSHANGPINGTAIDESHANGJIAWEILEMANZUYIXIERENZAIPENGYOUQUANXUANFUDEXUQIU,TIGONGGELEIXUANFUDETUPIANHEDUANSHIPIN,SHENZHIHUANNENGJIAGONGPEISHANGSHENGYIN

YINXINGNVZHONGCENGBANGZHUTONGZAIYINXINGDEZHANGFUTANWU,SHENZHIHUANMORENZHANGFUBAOYANGQINGFUDUONIAN,WEIQIZHANGFUTAOWANGTIGONGFANGBIAN。

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